LCD Display Works

- Feb 11, 2018 -

LCD display works: From the perspective of the structure of the LCD display, whether it is a notebook computer or desktop system, the LCD screen is composed of different parts of the hierarchical structure. The LCD consists of two glass plates, about 1 mm thick, separated by a uniform spacing of 5 μm containing liquid crystal material. Since the liquid crystal material itself does not emit light, a lamp as a light source is provided on both sides of the display screen, and a backlight (or light-homogenizing plate) and a reflective film on the back of the liquid crystal display. The backlight is made of a fluorescent material Can emit light, its role is to provide a uniform background light.

The light emitted from the backlight enters the liquid crystal layer containing thousands of liquid crystal droplets after passing through the first polarization filter layer. Liquid droplets in the liquid crystal layer are contained in a fine cell structure, one or more cells form a pixel on the screen. Between the glass plate and the liquid crystal material is a transparent electrode, the electrode is divided into rows and columns, at the intersection of rows and columns by changing the voltage and change the optical state of the liquid crystal, liquid crystal material is similar to a small light valve. Around the liquid crystal material is the control circuit section and the drive circuit section. When an electrode in the LCD generates an electric field, the liquid crystal molecules are distorted and the light passing therethrough is regularly refracted and then filtered through the second filter layer to be displayed on the screen.


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